Usually immunocompromised: HIV or chemotherapy.
Occasionally normal people get Herpes esophagitis with their first case of cold sores.
A hodgepodge of other organisms have been reported.
There are also a large number of non-infectious causes. Yawn.
Depends on the diagnosis, might I suggest a diagnostic test, say, endoscopy, before embarking on a course of therapy? Might I? Please? Occasionally AIDS patients are treated with empiric fluconazole and then endoscoped if symptoms persist.
Patients with Candida esophagitis do not necessarily have Candida in the mouth. But. In HIV, oral thrush has a sensitivity of 53% and a positive predictive value of 77% for Candida esophagitis (PubMed) .
The British, amusingly, misspell it oesophagitis.
Last Update: 07/10/18.