Infectious Disease Compendium

Bioterrorism

Microbiology

The CDC and your local state and county health departments are the best source for information on this topic. Organisms, which, if isolated in your patients and/or associated with clusters, should make you concerned of bioterrorism, include, but are not limited to (from the redundant CDC site):

Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) Arenaviruses

Bacillus anthracis (anthrax)

Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin)

Brucella species (brucellosis)

Burkholderia mallei (glanders)

Burkholderia pseudomallei (meliodosis)

Chlamydia psittaci (psittacosis)

Cholera (Vibrio cholerae)

Clostridium botulinum toxin (botulism)

Clostridium perfringens (Epsilon toxin)

Coxiella burnetti (Q fever)

Cryptosporidium parvum

Escherichia coli O157:H7

Ebola virus hemorrhagic fever

Epsilon toxin of

Clostridium perfringens

Francisella tularensis (tularemia ) Glanders (Burkholderia mallei) Hantavirus

Lassa fever

Marburg virus hemorrhagic fever

Meliodosis (Burkholderia pseudomallei) Nipah virus

Plague (Yersinia pestis)

Psittacosis (Chlamydia psittaci)

Q fever (Coxiella burnetti ) Ricin toxin from Ricinus communis (castor beans)

Rickettsia prowazekii (typhus fever)

Salmonella species (salmonellosis)

Salmonella typhi (typhoid fever)

Shigella (shigellosis)

Smallpox (variola major)

Staphylococcus enterotoxin B

Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)

Typhoid fever (Salmonella typhi)

Typhus fever (Rickettsia prowazekii)

Vibrio cholerae (cholera) Viral encephalitis: (alphaviruses [e.g.

Venezuelan Equine encephalitis

Eastern Equine encephalitis

Western Equine encephalitis])

Viral hemorrhagic fevers (filoviruses [e.g.

Ebola

Marburg] and arenaviruses [e.g.

Lassa

Machupo])

Yersinia pestis (plague).

Last Update: 05/14/18.