Infectious Disease Compendium

Streptobacillus moniliformis

Microbiology

Gram negative rod.

Epidemiology

Rat bites (a cause of rat bite fever along with Spirillum minus).

Syndromes

Fever (often relapsing), rash and arthritis. The arthritis may exist without the symptoms of classic rat bite fever: "Asymmetrical polyarticular involvement of the peripheral joints is typical for streptobacillary arthritis. In contrary to streptobacillary rat-bite fever, skin rash and bacteremia is uncommon (PubMed)."

Treatment

Penicillin G.

Notes

ICD9 Codes (Soon to be supplanted by ICD10)

Streptobacillus moniliformis 026.1.