Infectious Disease Compendium

Shigella

Microbiology

Aerobic gram negative rod. S. dysenteriae (group A), S. flexneri (group B), S. boydii (group C), and S. sonnei (group D).

Epidemiologic Risks

Human to human and from food and water. It is also an STD in men who have sex with men (PubMed). It is also a disease of Gorillas, by way of Marvin Peebles (PubMed). Sad.

Syndromes

Diarrhea. Specifically dysentary or bloody diarrhea. Will last for 5-7 days, so get a good book for time on the porcelain throne.

Treatment

Ciprofloxacin, 750 mg once a day; or azithromycin, 500 mg once a day, both for 3 days (PubMed). Resistance is increasing to azithromycin in men who have sex with men (PubMed).  And in 2015 ciprofloxacin resistance was imported into the US to cause a multi-state outbreak, another homeland security failure (PubMed). Azithromycin resistant strains are spreading across the world as an STD in MSM in the east coast of the US. Wi

TMP/Sulfa OR quinolones for 3 to 5 days; as in most bacillary diarrhea, treatment for mild to moderate disease not indicated.

Notes

It takes less than 100 organisms to cause diarrhea, probably as low as 10.

It kills 74,000 to 600,000 people a year and, along with Salmonella, killed perhaps 57,000 soldiers in the US not so Civil War (PubMed).

Last Update: 04/11/18.