Infectious Disease Compendium

Rhodotorula

Microbiology

Rhodotorula is a genus of pink-colored yeasts in the family Cryptococcaceae. Includes Rhodotorula mucilaginosa, R. minuta, R. glutinis, R. pilimanae and dozens more that are not human pathogens.

Epidemiologic Risks

Rhodotorula are airborne organisms that may be present on the skin, sputum, urine, and feces. Associated with intravenous catheters, cancers, lymphoproliferative diseases, chronic renal failure, diabetes, and AIDS.

Ubiquitous in the environment including milk, peanuts, apple cider, cherries, fresh fruits, fruit juice, cheese, sausages, edible mollusks, crustaceans and fruit juice (PubMed).

Syndromes

Fungemia in poor hosts (mostly hematologic malignancies) with central lines. Hodgepodge of other infections.

Treatment

Amphotericin B plus flucytosine are active in vitro and are probably treatment of choice (PubMed). Ravuconazole active in vitro but fluconazole, itraconazole and voriconazole are usually resistant (PubMed).

Notes

Can to resistant to fluconazole and echinocandins.

Curious Cases

Relevant links to my Medscape blog

Yeast is Yeast

Last Update: 04/07/18.