Infectious Disease Compendium

Rhodococcus

Microbiology

Gram positive rods, includes R. aurantiacus, R. bronchialis, R. equi (most common human pathogen), R. erythropolis, R. luteus, R. rhodochrous, R. rubropertinctus.

Epidemiologic Risks

R. equi is associated with horses.

Syndromes

R. equi causes pneumonia, often cavitary, in AIDS and other immunoincompetent patients, the others are case reports in poor hosts and medical device infections; occasional reports of disseminated disease.

Treatment

R. equi: vancomycin, the others are not frequent enough pathogens to say, try susceptibility testing.

Notes