Fungus. Includes F. compacta, F. pedrosoi, F. monophora and F. nubica,
Soil trauma. Mostly in subtropical and tropical areas. F. monophora and F. nubica are in more temperate areas.
SyndromesFonsecaea pedrosoi causes chromomycosis.
Cryo-surgery and itraconazole alternated with terbinafine (PubMed) or voriconazole (PubMed)(in vitro data only). Data little more than extended case reports; the pleural of anecdote being anecdotes, not data.