Infectious Disease Compendium

Coelomycetes

Microbiology

Filamentous fungi including Medicopsis, Paraconiothyrium, Gloniopsis, Diaporthe, Peyronellaea, Lasiodiplodia. "...the presence of dematiaceous yeast-like cells, pseudo-hyphae-like elements, hyphae, or any combination of these in tissues."

There are at least 1000 genera and more than 7000 species.

Epidemiologic Risks

Cutaneous infections in rural tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Usually from traumatic implantation of plant material ie a splinter (PubMed).

Syndromes

Soft tissue infections (Review).

Treatment

Surgery plus either voriconazole or posaconazole which have the best MIC's.

Notes

They have found fossilized coelomycetes as far back as the upper Cretaceous.