Infectious Disease Compendium

Cladosporium

Microbiology

There are dozens of Cladosporium.

"The most frequent species was Cladosporium halotolerans (14.8%), followed by C. tenuissimum (10.2%), C. subuliforme (5.7%), and C. pseudocladosporioides (4.5%). However, 39.8% of the isolates did not correspond to any known species and were deemed to comprise at least 17 new lineages for Cladosporium (PubMed)."

Epidemiologic Risks

An agent of chromomycosis, found in Australia, Venezuela, and South Africa.

A common mold indoor and out. Tends to be a black mold.

Can be isolated from houseflies (PubMed).

Syndromes

A warty fungus infection of the skin.

Rare cases of invasive disease as "The isolation of Cladosporium species from deep tissues seems improbable considering the inability of these organisms to grow at temperatures exceeding 35°C, and thermotolerance being one of the most important virulence factors for invasive or disseminated infections (PubMed)."

Treatment

Itraconazole with or without 5-FC or posaconazole. Maybe echinocandins, and terbinafine (PubMed).

Notes

Last update: 05/05/18