Infectious Disease Compendium

Bifidobacterium

Microbiology

A gram positive anaerobic rod. There are several dozen species.

Epidemiologic Risks

Found in bowel and probiotics. The two are more alike than we like to admit.

Syndromes

Found occasionally in mixed infections with other anaerobes.

In premature infants bacteremia can be traced back to the probiotics (PubMed). Eat shit and die has real world correlates.

Treatment

Metronidazole, carbapenems, penicillin/beta-lactamase inhibitors, clindamycin.

Notes